The Archaeology Fund

Southern Arabia




South Arabia

Myths and Legends

Research Questions

About Us

 Beginning with the Classical Period, researchers became fascinated with the topography, ecology, and geography of Southern Arabia. Such research questions can be encapsulated for example in Ptolemy's efforts of the second century A.D.:

Historical and recent maps of Southern Arabia

Ptolemaic maps of Southern Arabia since their creation in the second century A.D. dominated people's world view until the New World discoveries of European explorers.


The incense trees of both Arabia and East Africa are closely tied to micro ecological adaptations created by climate, topography, and soil conditions. The distribution of incense trees may be closely tied to past human exploitation and migration.